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Steel Rail

Steel Rail Profile Types

Steel Rail Manufacturing and Application

Steel Rails, also known as rail profiles, are the main components of railway tracks. Its function is to guide the wheels of locomotives and vehicles; withstand the enormous pressure of the wheels, and pass pressure force on to rail sleepers.

Rail Elastic Clip Products

AGICO steel rails must provide the wheels with a continuous, smooth and minimal rolling surface. In electrified railways or automatic block sections, steel rails can also serve as rail circuits. The rail profiles are manufactured as rolled with carbon-killed steel smelted by open hearth furnaces and oxygen converters. Its important railway part which withstand the operating pressure and impact load of locomotives and vehicles.

Steel Rail Structure Requirements

The cross-sectional shape of the rail adopts an I-shaped cross section with the best bending performance: rail head, rail waist, and a rail bottom. In order to make steel rails withstand larger forces from all aspects and ensure the necessary strength conditions, the rail profile should have enough height, and the head and bottom should have enough area and height, waist and bottom should not be too thin.

Steel Rail Types:

The type of rail is classified by kilograms per meter of rail length. For example, steel rails used in China's railways are 75kg/m, 60kg/m, 50kg/m, 43kg/m and 38kg/m. Classified by Application: AGICO supplies crane rail( QU120,QU100,QU80,QU70), heavy rail( 38, 43, 50, 60, 75kg) and light rail( 9、12、15、22、30kg/m). Stee rail in foreign standards: British Standard: BS series (90A, 80A, 75A, 75R, 60A, etc.) German standard: DIN series crane rails. International Railway Union: UIC series. American Standard: ASCE series. Japanese standard: JIS series.

Rail Track Types

Steel Rails-Hot Standards from AGICO

Standard Sepc. Material Typical Grade
UIC860 UIC54 700,900A,900B
UIC60
EN13674.1 50E1 R200,R350HT,R260Mn,R35LHT,R320Cr,R370CrHT
54E1
60E1
60E2
BS-11-1985 BS80A 700,900A,900B
BS90A
BS100A
AREMA 115RE SS,HH,LA,IH
136RE
ASCE60 U71Mn
ASCE85 U71Mn
GB 2585-2007 50kg/m U71Mn
U75V
60kg/m
75kg/m
TB/T2344-2012 50kg/m U71Mn,U75V,U77MnCr
U78CrV
60kg/m
75kg/m
GB 11264-1989 8kg/m Q235
12kg/m Q235
15kg/m 55Q, Q235
18kg/m 55Q, Q235
22kg/m 55Q, Q235
24kg/m 55Q, Q235
30kg/m 55Q, Q235
38kg/m 50Mn, U71Mn
43kg/m 50Mn, U71Mn
GB Crane rails QU70 U71Mn
QU80 U71Mn
QU100 U71Mn
QU120 U71Mn

Steel Rail-Chinese Standard:

Light Rail Standard

Standard: GB11264-89
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length(m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
GB6KG 25.4 50.8 50.8 4.76 5.98 Q235B 6-12
GB9KG 32.1 63.5 63.5 5.9 8.94 Q235B 6-12
GB12KG 38.1 69.85 69.85 7.54 12.2 Q235B/55Q 6-12
GB15KG 42.86 79.37 79.37 8.33 15.2 Q235B/55Q 6-12
GB22KG 50.3 93.66 93.66 10.72 23.3 Q235B/55Q 6-12
GB30KG 60.33 107.95 107.95 12.3 30.1 Q235B/55Q 6-12
Standard: YB222-63
8KG 25 65 54 7 8.42 Q235B 6-12
18KG 40 90 80 10 18.06 Q235B/55Q 6-12
24KG 51 107 92 10.9 24.46 Q235B/55Q 6-12

Heavy Rail Standard:

Heavy Rail Stock for Sale
60kg Heavy Rail Profile
Standard: GB2585-2007
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
P38KG 68 134 114 13 38.733 U71Mn 12.5-25
P43KG 70 140 114 14.5 44.653 U71Mn 12.5-25
P50KG 70 152 132 15.5 51.514 U71Mn 12.5-25
P60KG 73 170 150 16.5 61.64 U71Mn 12.5-25

Crane Rail Standard:

Customized Crane Rail Profile
Crane Rail Specs
Standard: YB/T5055-93
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
QU 70 70 120 120 28 52.8 U71Mn 12
QU 80 80 130 130 32 63.69 U71Mn 12
QU 100 100 150 150 38 88.96 U71Mn 12
QU 120 120 170 170 44 118.1 U71Mn 12

Steel Rail-ASTMA1, AREMA Specifications:

Standard: ASTMA1, AREMA
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
ASCE 25 38.1 69.85 69.85 7.54 12.4 700 6-12
ASCE 30 42.86 79.38 79.38 8.33 14.88 700 6-12
ASCE 40 47.62 88.9 88.9 9.92 19.84 700 6-12
ASCE 60 60.32 107.95 107.95 12.3 29.76 700 6-12
ASCE 75 62.71 122.24 122.24 13.49 37.2 900A/1100 12-25
ASCE 85 65.09 131.76 131.76 14.29 42.17 900A/1100 12-25
90RA 65.09 142.88 130.18 14.29 44.65 900A/1100 12-25
115RE 69.06 168.28 139.7 15.88 56.9 900A/1100 12-25
136RE 74.61 185.74 152.4 17.46 67.41 900A/1100 12-25
175LBs 109.86 152.4 152.4 38.1 86.8 900A/1100 12-25

Steel Rail-BS11: 1985 Specifications:

Standard: BS11: 1985
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
50 O 52.39 100.01 100.01 10.32 24.833 700 6-18
60 A 57.15 114.3 109.54 11.11 30.618 900A 6-18
75 A 61.91 128.59 114.3 12.7 37.455 900A 8-25
75 R 61.91 128.59 122.24 13.1 37.041 900A 8-25
80 A 63.5 133.35 117.47 13.1 39.761 900A 8-25
80 R 63.5 133.35 127 13.49 39.674 900A 8-25
90 A 66.67 142.88 127 13.89 45.099 900A 8-25
100 A 69.85 152.4 133.35 15.08 50.182 900A 8-25
113 A 69.85 158.75 139.7 20 56.398 900A 8-25

Steel Rail-UIC860 Standard Specifications:

Standard: UIC860
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
UIC50 70 152 125 15 50.46 900A/1100 12-25
UIC54 70 159 140 16 54.43 900A/1100 12-25
UIC60 74.3 172 150 16.5 60.21 900A/1100 12-25

Steel Rail-JIS E1103-91/JISE 1101-93 Specifications

Standard: JIS E1103-91/JISE 1101-93
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
JIS 15KG 42.86 79.37 79.37 8.33 15.2 JIS E standard 9-10
JIS 22KG 50.8 93.66 93.66 10.72 22.3 9-10
JIS 30KG 60.33 107.95 107.95 12.3 30.1 9-10
JIS 37A 62.71 122.24 122.24 13.49 37.2 10-25
JIS 50N 65 153 127 15 50.4 10-25
CR 73 100 135 140 32 73.3 10-12
CR 100 120 150 155 39 100.2 10-12

Steel Rail-EN 13674-1-2003 Specifications:

Standard: EN 13674-1-2003
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
49 E1 67 149 125 14 49.39 R260/R350HT 12-25
49 E2 67 148 125 14 49.1 R260/R350HT 12-25
50 E1 65 153 134 15.5 50.37 R260/R350HT 12-25
50 E2 72 151 140 15 49.97 R260/R350HT 12-25
50 E4 70 152 125 15 50.46 R260/R350HT 12-25
50 E5 67 148 135 14 49.9 R260/R350HT 12-25
50 E6 65 153 140 15.5 50.9 R260/R350HT 12-25
54 E1 70 159 140 16 54.77 R260/R350HT 12-25
54 E2 67.01 161 125 16 53.82 R260/R350HT 12-25
54 E3 67 154 125 16 54.57 R260/R350HT 12-25
55 E1 62 155 134 19 56.03 R260/R350HT 12-25
60 E1 72 172 150 16.5 60.21 R260/R350HT 12-25

Steel Rail-DIN536 Specifications:

Standard: DIN536
Size Dimension(mm) Weight
(kg/m)
Material Length (m)
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
A55 55 65 150 31 31.8 900A 10-12
A65 65 75 175 38 43.1 900A 10-12
A75 75 85 200 45 56.2 900A 10-12
A100 100 95 200 60 74.3 900A 10-12
A120 120 105 220 72 100 900A 10-12

Steel Rail-Grooved Rail Specifications

Size Height (mm) Bottom (mm) Head A (mm) Head B(mm) Channel A (mm) Channel B (mm) Web (mm) Weight (kg/m)
59R1 180 180 113 56 42 15 12 58.97
59R2 180 180 113 55.83 42.52 14.65 12 58.14
60R1 180 180 113 56 36 21 12 60.59
60R2 180 180 113 55.83 36.34 20.83 12 59.75

Steel Rail-IS3443-1980 Specifications:

Indian Standard Railway
standard:IS3443-1980
Size Dimension Weight (kg/m) Length 
(m)
Material
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
ISCR50 51.2 90 90 20 29.8 9-12

U71Mn

ISCR60 61.3 105 105 24 40 9-12
ISCR70 70 120 120 28 52.8 9-12
ISCR80 81.7 130 130 32 64.2 9-12
ISCR100 101.9 150 150 38 89 9-12
ISCR120 122 170 170 44 118 9-12

Steel Rail-Australian Standard Specifications:

Australian Standard Railway

standard:AS1085

Size Dimension Weight (kg/m) Length 
(m)
Material
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
31KG 63.5 117.5 108 11.5 31.5 8-25 900A/1100
47KG 70 141.3 127 14.3 46.5
50KG 70 154 127 15 50.8
60KG 70 170 146 16.5 61
68KG 73.4 186 152 17.5 67.6
73KG 70 157 146 32 73.63
86KG 102 102 155 84.11 85.5
89KG 102 114 178 51 89.81

Steel Rail-South African Standard Specifications:

South African Standard Railway

standard:ISCOR

Size Dimension Weight (kg/m) Length
(m)
Material
Head(mm) Height(mm) Bottom(mm) Web(mm)
15KG 41.28 76.2 76.2 7.54 14.905 9

700

22KG 50.01 95.25 95.25 9.92 22.542 9
30KG 57.15 109.54 109.54 11.5 30.25 9
40KG 63.5 127 127 14 40.31 9-25

900A

48KG 68 150 127 14 47.6 9-25
57KG 71.2 165 140 16 57.4 9-25

Chinese Standard Steel Rail Technical Data

Chinese Standard Steel Rail Chemical Composition:

Chemical Composition of Chinese Standard(%)
Grade C Si Mn Max V
P S
Q235 0.12~0.20 ≤0.3 0.3~0.7 0.045 0.045
Q345 ≤0.20 ≤0.55 1.00-1.60 0.040 0.04
20MnK 0.15-0.26 0.20-0.60 1.20-1.60 0.050 0.050
M540 0.20-0.29 0.17-0.37 1.60-1.80 0.045 0.045
50Mn 0.48-0.56 0.17-0.37 0.70-1.00 0.035 0.035
55Q 0.50-0.60 0.15-0.35 0.60-0.90 0.045 0.045
U71Mn 0.65-0.76 0.15-0.35 1.10-1.40 0.040 0.040
U75v 0.71-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.70-1.05 0.030 0.030 0.04-0.12
900A 0.60-0.80 0.10-0.50 0.80-1.30 0.040 0.040
R260 0.60-0.82 0.13-0.60 0.65-1.25 0.030 0.030
R350H 0.70-0.82 0.13-0.60 0.60-1.25 0.025 0.025
ASSZ-1 0.76-0.82 0.10-0.50 0.90-1.15 0.030 0.030

Chinese Standard Steel Rail Mechanical Property:

Mechanical Properties of Chinese Standard
Grade Yield strength (Mpa) Tensile strength (Mpa) Elongation (%) Hardness (%)
Q235 ≥235 375-460 ≥26
Q345 ≥345 470-630 ≥21
20MnK ≥355 ≥510 ≥18
M540 ≥390 ≥540 ≥18
50Mn ≥645 ≥13
55Q ≥685 ≥197
U71Mn ≥880 ≥9 240-270
U75v ≥980 ≥9 240-270
900A ≥880 ≥10 240-270
R260 ≥880 ≥10 260-300
R350H ≥1175 ≥9 350-390
ASSZ-1 ≥980 ≥9 ≥275




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